Fast and Robust Recognition of Orbit and Sinus Drawings Using Histograms of Forces

The notion of the histogram of forces was introduced in a previous work with the aim of modeling spatial relations between image objects. In this paper, we show that it can also be useful in pattern recognition. Drawings of cranial orbits and sinuses are classified using force histograms. The results are consistent with human responses, and our method compares favorably with classical methods based on geometric criteria and Fourier descriptors.